Pigmentation 101 part 2: Melasma
Melasma presents as large patches of pigmentation generally appearing on the forehead, cheek, upper lip and chin. These patches are generally symmetrical. This type of pigmentation is caused by fluctuation in hormone levels and may be triggered by pregnancy, the contraceptive pill and other hormonal therapies.
Paige Starkey, RN at The Clinic, takes us through Melasma, what it looks like and how to treat it.
Why is Melasma so difficult to treat?
Melasma is notoriously difficult to treat. This is because it can be aggravated by UV exposure, inflammation, and heat. This form of pigmentation also involves the deeper layers of the skin, which are at a higher risk of rebound pigmentation, if not treated correctly.
To treat Melasma, it is essential to firstly introduce a pigmentation inhibitor into your product routine. A pigment inhibitor, reduces and regulates the production of Melanin, by inhibiting Tyrosinase, which is an enzyme responsible for Melanin production. Some recommendations of a pigment inhibitor include:
SKIN BETTER SCIENCE EVEN SKIN CORRECTING SERUM
ASPECT DR COMPLETE PIGMENT PUNCH SERUM
COSMEDIX ELITE X-CELL
Once your skin is appropriately prepped, the recommended treatments for reducing the appearance of your pigmentation, include the PCA Perfecting Peel, Skin pen and the deep sea peel.
PCA PERFECTING PEEL:
The only peel to contain 20% Mandelic Acid, the PCA Skin Perfecting Peel is a gentle yet effective Level 2 Face Peel to resurface the skin, resulting in a smoother texture and more even skin tone. Mandelic Acid is an AHA that has both properties of AHA’s and BHA’s. Clinical studies have shown it is effective in treating acne, hyper-pigmentation including melasma.
SkinPen is a medical micro-needling device. Micro-needling is a form of collagen induction therapy, using tiny needles to stimulate the body’s natural wound healing response. In this response, new tissue and skin cells are formed, producing significant improvements to the tone and texture of the skin.
DEEP SEA PEEL:
The Deep Sea Peel by Cosmedix is a unique, acid-free Level 3 Face Peel which attains dramatic rejuvenating results through the physical penetration of marine-based ingredients deep within the epidermis. This initiates a complex array of biological responses resulting in cellular renewal and regeneration.
Due to Melasma being a result of hormonal fluctuations, prevention is not always achievable. However, managing exacerbation of this type of pigmentation is paramount.
As with every type of pigmentation, our number one form of defense is always incorporating an SPF into your daily routine.
The Clinics top SPF recommendations are:
ASPECT SUN ENVIROSTAT ON THE GO
LA ROCHE-POSAY ANTHELIOS TINDER FLUID
COLORESCIENCE TOTAL PROTECTION
That’s it for part 2 of Pigmentation 101, stay tuned for the part 3 of Pigmentation where we discuss Sun Damage Pigmentation in more detail.